Biomechanics encompasses the analysis of motion, muscle function, loads at joints and joint functions. Finite element modelling is used to describe and predict the forces acting upon these structures and the structure's reaction to these forces.
Jacob Jaremko graduated as a civil engineer and was then admitted to the Faculty of Medicine (joint MD/PhD program). He is developing a method of using laser scanners to scan the torso of children with scoliosis, eliminating excessive use of x-rays. Using geometric measures and artificial neural network methodology he developed from a transportation course he took, he is able to find a mathematical method of deriving the shape of the spine from the surface curvature of the torso.
Video Clip - avi format
Work is being carried on by other researchers into the use of digital photogrammetry using digital cameras instead of laser imaging.