The Spiral Tunnels were CP's first attempt to halving the grade by doubling the mileage and they achieved this in 1909 by building the two tunnels and reducing the grade from 4.5% to 2.2%. In this shot, the eastbound train has traversed the Lower Tunnel and is now facing west. It will continue its climb across the Kicking Horse River, through Yoho to the Upper Spiral and then head east to the Continental Divide.
Lower Spiral Tunnel. - With the upper track crossing about 50 feet above the lower entrance, it is possible to see both ends of a train at the same time.
photo by Nicholas Morant - Canadian Pacific Corporate Archives (courtesy of D. Bain - Canadian Pacific in the Rockies)